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Buda Gigante - Bangkok, Tailândia

Buda Gigante - Bangkok, Tailândia

Hoje começa mais uma rodada de negociações da ONU sobre mudanças climáticas. Dessa vez, o encontro acontece na Tailândia, onde efeitos do aquecimento global já podem ser notados, como a mudança no padrão de chuva que afeta o abastecimento de água e a segurança alimentar, devido aos longos períodos de seca e inundações. Sem falar do aumento do nível do mar que vai afetar a costa tailandesa, podendo causar a extinção de espécies marinhas, e as tempestades cada vez mais intensas que ameaçam a infra-estrutura turística, importante fonte de renda para o país.

Portanto, não podíamos estar em um lugar melhor nesse momento decisivo. Temos APENAS 16 dias de negociação antes da CoP-15, que vai acontecer em dezembro, na Dinamarca. Pouquíssimos dias para diminuir um texto de 180 páginas para 30-40 páginas que realmente reflitam a necessidade de redução de emissões e o comprometimento dos negociadores com a espécie humana. ELES ESTÃO DECIDINDO NOSSO FUTURO! Não podemos de jeito nenhum aceitar que diminuam seu nível de ambição, sob o argumento de que países como os Estados Unidos deveriam estar liderando o processo, mas não estão. Não podemos mais aceitar que fiquem adiando o anúncio de suas metas de redução de emissão de gases de efeito estudo a médio (2020) e longo prazo (2050).

Especialmente, nessas próximas duas semanas espero ver engajamento dos negociadores brasileiros, acompanhar o que estão fazendo aqui e chegar à conclusão de que o país está realmente comprometido e que o não anúncio de suas ações de mitigação e adaptação faz parte de sua estratégia e não uma tática de quem não quer agir.

Espero também tornar um pouco menos chata as negociações para o público brasileiro, escrevendo com poucas siglas, sem comentar detalhes do processo e todo o jargão técnico envolvido. O importante é falar sobre o conteúdo que está sendo discutido, esse sim importantíssimo.

No dia 9 de outubro, quero dizer que os avanços atingidos em Bangkok realmente foram tão significativos que me fizeram parar de pensar um pouco na quantidade de carbono que foi emitida na atmosfera para pessoas do mundo inteiro virem para cá.

When I was called for the immigration check, the officer asks me, ma’am are you seriously only 20 years old?  Are you going to attend a UNFCCC conference? They almost refused to check me in, but I had to negotiate me way through promising to let his daughter know how I got till here!

The Bangkok Conference is seemingly going to be the make or the break for the copenhagen deal , but of course people have been saying that for every conference ever since Poznan last year..

At the G 20 meeting in Pittsburgh , India’s lead negotiator reiterated the stand that India will NOT  accept any emission reduction targets in the climate change negotiations heading for a climax in Copenhagen later this year, but expressed the hope that there would be consensus on financing emission control programmes in developing countries aided by technology transfer.

New Delhi also rejected the possibility of phasing out subsidies on energy pricing saying while it was an objective it would not be implemented at the cost of poor people.

India’s position was enunciated on the sidelines of the G20 Summit in Pittsburgh by Saran, who attended the just concluded conference in the United Nations and the Major Economies Forum last week in Washington.

Signing off from India and looking forward to some fireworks in Bangkok.

In the coming days the Indian negotiators are having a tough time juggling between various meetings and keeping abreast with the media chasing them. But the most important events coming up are:

  1. 22nd to 24th Sept: An International  technology transfer conference organised in Delhi for key negotiators to come to consensus about financial mechanisms and funds coming in from annex 1 countries and come to some sort of a bargaining on technology transfer.
  2. GEF meeting in New York: The Global Economies meeting in New York will be well attended by the Indian delegation who will be lead by Shyam Saran. R R Rashmi the Joint Secretary to the Environment and Forest Ministry will also be seen next to a representative from the External Affairs Ministry.

Kudos to my small little team in Shri Ram College of Commerce which will help me reach out to a greater audience and liase with journalists and vernacular media at a touch of a button!

We will be basing our outreach on the following , so you all will get to hear about us more!:

  1. Informing a network of NGOs whoch work related to combating climate change
  2. Pushing for the blog posts to be translated in local languages and read out in radio news programmes and in vernacular media .
  3. Engaging with youth networks through IYCN, YP and college unions across the country.
  4. Local media and national TV partners.

We hope this time the people who really need to know have access to the relevant information!

Jai Ram Ramesh has briefly stated what the Indian Stance will revolve around for the Bangkok as well as the Copenhagen negotiations. The thrust will lie with the following three points:

  1. REDD : We want to be given benefits for conserving our forests and reforestation activities. We can successfully mitigate 11% of greenhouse gases with the help of the great carbon sinks we have across the country. Apart from that we plan to step up afforestationa nd reforestation activities. States doing well in this regard will be given added incentives.
  2. CDM: We would like the CDM to continue post 2012 since it has really done well in India. By statistics we have 31% of the CDM projects registered officially from India . Given the success we would like to expand it further in the coming years.
  3. TECH TRANSFER: We expect technology transfer and financial transfers from the annex 1 countries to aid us in shifting to a low carbon economy. Being a developing country we do not have the financial resources to put binding commitments on reduction of GHGs.

All said and done, we want to know what would happen if India and China do not take any binding commitments and the annex 1 do not commit either? What would happen if we are not able to meet the agreement in Copenhagen?
In that case, we will just have to start mitigating faster , we will protect those who are vulnerable and try and switch a low carbon economy as soon as possible. We will definitely have to push up out adaptation programmes and get ready for stronger effects of climate change yet to come.